Bleeding, red, or puffy gums are your body’s way of telling you something is wrong. Plaque is a sticky film that collects on your teeth and contains saliva, food debris, and bacteria.
You remove plaque and when your brush and floss your teeth, which is why regular oral hygiene is so important. Plaque that’s allowed to sit on your teeth turns into a hard substance called tartar.
You can’t remove tartar with your toothbrush, but your dental hygienist can using specialized instruments. If we don’t remove tartar, it causes an infection that we call periodontal or gum disease.
There are different stages of gum disease, and gingivitis is the first. Your gums are infected, and that’s why you see tender, swollen, or bleeding gums. Gingivitis is easy to treat and usually only requires professional teeth cleaning and improved oral hygiene habits.
If we don’t treat it in its early stage, you can develop advanced gum disease that’s called periodontitis. At this stage, pockets open up between your teeth and gums, so you may notice that your teeth feel loose.
Treatment for periodontitis involves a procedure called a deep cleaning to get rid of the infection. It also helps your roots reattach to your teeth once the infection is gone.
The best way to avoid bleeding gums is to schedule dental exams and teeth cleanings every six months. We can stay a step ahead of gum disease and make sure your smile is healthy. Call our Pen Argyl dental office to get started.